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What are Cannabinoids?
February 23 -2018
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What are Cannabinoids – List of Top 8 Medical Effects & Benefits

What are cannabinoids? An often asked question. In this article, we will try to answer as simple as possible all your questions about the most important cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids – Definition with brief Explanation

Cannabinoids are found in the cannabis plant. Unfortunately, their research is still in its infancy. The worldwide demonization of the hemp plant has long stopped scientists from researching cannabis, cannabinoids, and their medicinal benefits.

In recent years, it became clear that cannabis contains over 480 active chemical compounds. 80 important compounds are found exclusively in the cannabis plant. This amount of unique active substance yields hundreds of new variables. Because the combination of different cannabinoids has an undifferentiated influence on the human body. Consequently, there are always new scientific studies on cannabinoids.

List of the 8 most important cannabinoids

Cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors in our body. They work very differently in our nervous system and our brain. For the sake of simplicity, we have put together a list of the 8 most important cannabinoids of the cannabis plant.

THC – (-)-Δ9-trans-Tetrahydrocannabinol

THC Tetrahydrocannabinol
THC is probably the best-known cannabinoid. Experts do speak of delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol. This cannabinoid is responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana. So-called potheads smoke THC-rich marijuana flowers to become “high”. THC levels above 1% in cannabis stimulates parts of our brain. Most of all, it releases dopamine and causes a feeling of euphoria and well-being.

THC is closely related to the cannabinoids CBG and CBD. CBG is the mother of THC and CBD. During the growth of the cannabis plant, CBG converts to THC and CBD. Basically, we can also say: the higher the THC value, the higher the CBD value as well, and vice versa. Most hemp varieties have a 1:1 ratio.

For a long time, THC and consuming of marijuana have been thought to be harmful and even addictive. Clearly revoked by the WHO (World Health Organization) recently. Despite its scientifically proven medical effectiveness, THC remains banned in many countries of the world. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol has a strong analgesic effect. Therefore, THC relieves pain and inflammation. Cancer and multiple sclerosis patients swear by the soothing effects of THC. Cannabis products with less than 1% are proven as non-psychoactive. Therefore, corresponding hemp products are legally available in some countries and states.

A recent study about THC: Medical Marijuana: Clearing Away the Smoke

CBD – Cannabidiol

CBD Cannabidiol
CBD (cannabidiol) has become more and more popular in recent years. Today cannabidiol is the most important substance of the hemp plant. Extraordinary effects have been demonstrated in medical cannabinoid studies. CBD is absolutely non-psychoactive. Accordingly, it does not make you “high”. It is even assumed that cannabidiol reduces or at least regulates the effects of THC.

The medical effect of CBD has been demonstrated in hundreds of studies. The list of medical properties gets longer and longer with each new study. One of the most important effects of CBD is the relief of chronic pain. It also has anti-inflammatory, reduces a migraine and arthritis. Also, spasms, epilepsy, and schizophrenia can be alleviated. Similar to THC, CBD has shown that the growth of tumors (cancer cells) can be stopped or even decreased. Relevant researchers and physicians find new benefits almost every day.
Latest CBD study: The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis

CBG – Cannabigerol

CBG Cannabigerol
Unfortunately, little is known about CBG (cannabigerol). Recent research has shown that CBG is the mother of THC and CBD. The stem cell CBG becomes during the growth phase of the cannabis plant a two-cell. Therefore, CBG is the template. Especially during the flowering phase, CBG converts to THC and CBD. Finally, the cannabinoids THC and CBD are made from cannabigerol.

Initial studies have shown that CBG has similar properties and effects to CBD. But cannabigerol acts stronger as cannabidiol. More concentrated, so to speak. It can be assumed today that CBG will become even more important for medical applications in the future than CBD.

The breeding of CBG-rich cannabis varieties is underway. The CBG production, however, proves to be enormously difficult. After all, cannabis is a natural product. Nature is difficult to influence. CBG levels can be very high if cannabis plants are not brought to full bloom. At Mountain Grades so far there is only CBG hemp oil on sale. Seems like high-quality CBG hemp flowers will follow soon.
CBG scholarly article: Interaction between non-psychotropic cannabinoids in marihuana

CBN – Cannabinol

CBN Cannabinol
CBN (cannabinol) is an analgesic. Formed while the THC degrades by oxidation. Similar to THC, CBN is slightly psychoactive. Cannabinol is found in small amounts in cannabis plants. During the drying process, CBN is greatly reduced in the cannabis plant.

In contrast to THC, CBN is very tiring. But also the cannabinoid CBN has medicinal effects. Most of all, it reduces anxiety and reduces pressure inside the eyes.
News about CBN: Sedimentary cannabinol tracks the history of hemp retting

CBC – Cannabichromene

CBC Cannabichromene
CBC (cannabichromene) has not been researched scientifically yet. Initial studies confirm that CBC has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Scientists have also discovered that CBC has a potentially important role in the renewal of cells in the brain.
Read the article: Intestinal Stem Cells – Regulation of Gastrointestinal Mucosal Growth

THCa – Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid

THCA Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid
THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is an acid of THC. It is the raw state of THC. While drying or heating fresh cannabis plants, THCa converts to THC. THCa is barely active and therefore unimportant for medicine.

CBDa – Cannabidiolic acid

CBDA Cannabidiolic Acid
Similar to THCA, CBDA is the acid form of CBD. It is currently thought to have an anti-emetic effect (acts against nausea) and to help combat breast cancer. However, more research will prove more medical benefits.

THCv – Tetrahydrocannabivarin

THCV Tetrahydrocannabivarin
THCv (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) as cannabinoid alleviates the intensity of THC. Strong THCv-containing products do reduce appetite. In addition, recent studies show that THCV can also treat metabolic disorders.

Cannabinoids – Benefits of Pain Therapy

Cannabinoids activate so-called cannabinoid receptors in our body. Therefore, use single cannabinoids or combinations of cannabinoids for different therapies. The effects and benefits of cannabinoids in pain therapy is convincing. Be it for pain relief, convulsions or epileptic attacks. MS and cancer patients worldwide, are marijuana enthusiastic. Because its effect is unique. Just like any cannabinoid mentioned above.

Where can I buy cannabinoids?

Single cannabinoids are only available as pharmaceuticals. As already mentioned, nature can only be dealt with by genetic manipulation or stem cell division. Cannabis products from purely natural and organic production always contain different cannabinoids. 0% THC is therefore only possible through chemical manipulation. As a result, little THC usually means little CBD. Basically, we can say: the less THC a product contains, the worse its overall quality.

Use many different cannabinoids for a natural and meaningful treatment. Exclusively authoritative combining different cannabinoids. Therefore, use one product to treat various clinical issues.

Cannabis products with less than 1% THC are legal and NOT psychoactive. Accordingly, patients need not worry about becoming “high” or “addicted”. Dozens of scientific studies have clearly demonstrated this.

Also, you want to buy 100% organic cannabinoids? At the online shop of MountainGrades.com, you can find cannabinoids in solid and liquid form. Most noteworthy, there is something for every taste.

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Cannabinoids by product category

 

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